To make a collagraph plate, I drag gesso across a cardboard surface and slice into it, enjoying the play between the behaviors of materials and the flow of my thoughts. I use other tools to abrade and lacerate, creating an active and complex surface. Sometimes torn shapes are embedded to create more relief. Grit of various sizes might be driven into the gesso that will hold more ink, making darker areas in the final print. When the gesso dries, I cut back into the scarified topography that is appearing, creating more refined lines. I selectively wipe and roll ink into the dried image. Recently, I have been using etching, relief and gelatin printing to create contrasting line quality and layering within the prints. Finally, paper is laid across the plate, covered with blankets and rolled through the press.